A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon its size and location, it can interfere with normal vision. Most cataracts develop in people over age 55, but they occasionally occur in infants and young children. Usually cataracts develop in both eyes, but one may be worse than the other.
Patients will typically notice blurry or hazy vision, difficulty driving at night, and increased glare. Once cataracts are diagnosed they can be removed which often dramatically improves a patient’s quality of vision.
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the U.S. and is usually asymptomatic until later stages of the disease. It is usually caused by too much pressure inside the eye. It mostly occurs in people over the age of 40 and those with a family history have a higher risk.
Individuals at greatest risk for glaucoma should have their eye doctor perform a yearly comprehensive vision analysis. Thanks to newer technology we are able to diagnose and treat glaucoma sooner than ever before. Management of this condition involves eye drops or laser surgery to reduce pressure within the eyes.